In-person Drop-In Art sessions have been cancelled until further notice in response to the coronavirus pandemic.
Tuesday, June 22, 10 a.m.
Pick up your art kit at PCCA Gallery in Newport the week before and join us on Zoom to get creative. After the live event, you can follow along with the video workshop on our website or YouTube channel anytime! (The kit may include small pieces. Keep out of reach of young children.)
Register by June 7 for the Zoom link & kit pickup instructions! Sign up below.
Heller Keller Inspired Braille Art
Water soluble markers/paint
Sticky rhinestones/foam circles
1. Select several colors of paint or markers and have them easily within reach. Set your blank white cardstock canvas on the table in front of you and close your eyes.
2. Choose a marker or dip your fingers into the paint with your eyes closed and feel for the canvas.
3. With your eyes still closed, begin to fill up the canvas using only your sense of touch. Repeat adding additional marker or paint colors until you feel your canvas is complete.
4. Open your eyes and see the creative background you have made using only your sense of touch. Allow your painting to dry.
5. Print out the Braille alphabet and find the patterns for the letters of your name.
6. Using the rhinestones or small foam circle stickers, spell out your name in Braille on top of your abstract background.
7. Proudly display your Braille alphabet art!
Pigeon and Duckling Puppets
Blue and yellow markers
Blue and yellow muffin wrapper
Blue, yellow, orange and white construction paper
1. Begin by two small circles from both the blue and yellow construction paper.
2. Adhere each circle to the top of a popsicle stick.
3. Color each popsicle stick with the coordinating marker color from the bottom of the paper circle to about halfway down the stick.
4. Fold one each of the coordinating color muffin wrapper in half and glue about halfway down the popsicle stick with the flat folded edge facing toward the paper circle head.
5. Add additional face details with a small triangle of orange for a beak and white circle with black center dot for an eye to the circle.
5. Enjoy reenacting the silly anticks of Pigeon and Duckling from the Mo Willems books with your puppets.
“Stained Glass” Bookmark
Colorful tissue paper
1. Cut a rectangle 2-in. x 6-in. from the white cardstock.
2. Cut up small pieces of colorful tissue paper and set aside.
3. Lay the rectangle on a piece of paper and spread the top with a light coat of mod podge.
4. Begin arranging your pieces of tissue paper to cover the entire top of the rectangle. Allow to dry.
5. Put a thin layer of mod podge over the entire top of the tissue paper layer to protect it and allow to dry.
6. Use a hole punch to make a hole near one of the short ends of the rectangle if you want to add ribbon or trim.
7. Thread ribbon through hole by making a loop at the halfway point and feeding it through the hole. Pull the loose ends of ribbon through to secure the loop.
8. Enjoy your new bookmark to save your place as you read!
Blue construction paper
White, red and black paint
Brown construction paper
1. Begin by cutting long branch shapes from the brown construction paper.
2. Adhere them to the blue background paper with the edge of the papers lined up. Be sure to leave room to stamp the cardinal image.
3. Paint your hand with red paint and carefully print your hand, thumb side up, over the branches as many times as you would like to create a flock of cardinals in the tree.
4. Add details such as the cardinal’s eye and legs using the black paint.’
5. Add snow by painting soft stripes on top of the brown paper branches.
6. Add additional snow details with snowflake stickers or stamps to complete the scene.
7. Enjoy adding this beautiful winter painting to your home.
Thread and needle
1. Gather a mitten or glove that no longer has a match.
2. Select a few buttons to sew on approximately ¾ to 1 in down from the wristband. Reach your needle and thread into the inside of the mitten and be careful not to sew the two sides together.
3. Add any additional felt or trim details for a mouth by sewing them in place beneath the buttons.
4. After you have added all of the face details desired, begin stuffing the finger areas with stuffing to the top of the wrist band.
5. Sew the two sides of the glove/mitten together at the wristband to enclose the stuffing of your monster. 6. Enjoy your new mitten monster masterpiece!
Alma Woodsey Thomas Inspired Heart Art
1. Draw a medium sized heart shape in the center of the white cardstock background.
2. Fill in the heart with paint or markers of your color choice. Use something bright and bold.
3. Begin working outward from the heart center making a ring of dashed paint strokes or small rectangles using one color per ring. Experiment with having multiple rows of the same color, ombre effects and bright contrasting colors as part of your rows.
4. Continue working outward with your colorful rows until you have filled up the entire background with lovely dashes of color just like abstract artist Alma Woodsey Thomas.
Coffee Filter Hands Across the Globe
Water soluble markers
Craft or school glue
Brown and red paper
Spray bottle with water
1. Choose a white coffee filter and color large blocks of blue and green to represent the water and land of earth.
2. Place the marker covered in a tray and spray filter with water and allow the colors to swirl together. Set aside to dry.
3. Fold a piece of brown construction paper in an accordion fold.
4. Draw a basic outline of a paper doll on one side. Cut out the dolls allowing the hands to stay connected by the paper’s fold in the center.
5. Adhere the paper doll line across the center of the dried coffee filter world and add a heart in the center of the line if desired.
Watercolor Splatter Polar Bear
Bear cutout template
Watercolors and water
1.Print and cut out the polar bear shape template.
2. Lay the polar bear shape on top of your white cardstock background paper and secure in place with a small piece(s) of washi tape in a loop on the back. Lightly trace around the shape with a pencil and remove the cut out and set aside.
3. Using the outline, add a puddle of watercolor to the outside of the pencil line and use your straw to blow the puddle outward from the polarbear shape.
4. Repeat adding puddles of watercolor and blowing splatters around the entire perimeter of the shape. Add additional watercolor splatters in the corners of the painting if desired.
5. Wet your paintbrush with a generous amount of paint and tap lightly over the canvas using the straw to splatter droplets of watercolor on top of the canvas.
6. Set splatter painting aside and allow to dry.
7. Add cutout shape back on top of the painting where the pencil outline was or trace your pencil shape with marker to define the polar bear subject.
8. Enjoy your icy bear masterpiece!
Virtual Holiday Ornament Party
Bottle Cap Snowman Ornament
Craft glue/hot glue
- Choose three bottle caps and paint the interior (and exterior if you choose) with white paint. Allow to dry.
- In the interior of one cap make two dots for the snowman’s eyes and three in a row for the snowman’s mouth using your black marker.
- In between the black dot eyes and mouth, add an orange line or small triangle for the snowman’s carrot nose using the orange marker.
- In the interior of another bottle cap, make three dots in a straight line going vertical for the buttons on the snowman’s chest.
- Glue the chest cap below the face cap making sure to position the buttons going perpendicular to the face.
- Add the plain white bottle cap to the bottom of the button cap with glue. Allow all to dry.
- Create a scarf for your snowman by tying a piece of yarn, twine or ribbon around the junction of the face cap and chest cap of the snowman. Add a button detail if desired.
- To hang the bottle cap snowman, create a loop with a piece of twine or ribbon and secure to the center back of the snowman head with glue. Allow to dry.
- Hang your cute bottle cap snowman on the Christmas Tree and enjoy!
Recycled Christmas Card Ornament or Garland
Christmas cards (or cardstock)
Large cap (to trace)
- Select some colorful old Christmas cards or cardstock and trace a large bottle cap circle on the back and cut out. Repeat for a total of six circles per “ball.”
- Fold all circles in half.
- Glue one folded half of one circle to another one half of another circle. Repeat for all six circles, making three sets of two circles each. Allow to dry.
- Glue one set of two circles to another set of two circles at one folded half circle. Repeat for the remaining circle group.
- Before connecting the final half circles, add a length of ribbon or twin against the spine of the circles and adhere with glue. If you are making only an ornament, tie a small knot at the bottom end and a small loop at the top for hanging. If you are making a garland, no knots are needed until you have repeated steps 1-4 for your desired length of garland.
- Connect the final half circles with glue and allow to dry.
- Display your beautiful recycled Christmas card ornament or garland on your Christmas Tree.
Fun Foam Dala Horse
- Begin your folk-art Swedish Dala Horse by tracing the horse template on to the back side of a rectangle of fun foam and cut out the outline.
- Cut out a half circle shape and adhere it to the center back of the horse to create the sadle.
- From the front of the saddle around to the front neck of the horse and from the bottom of the saddle to the bottom of the belly of the horse, add a small strip of fun foam to form the straps of the saddle.
- Add additional smaller pieces of fun foam layered on top to create a pattern detail on the saddle and straps.
- Make the Dala horse’s hair by cutting out a simple scalloped line and adhering it to the back neck area of the horse.
- Add additional smaller pieces of fun foam layered on top to create a pattern detail on the hair.
- Add a small loop of thread or twin to the horse at the center back to hang and enjoy!
White coffee filters
1. Choose several white coffee filters and flatten them out.
2. Apply scribbles of water-based markers all over the coffee filter.
3. Spritz colored coffee filters with water in your tray and allow the colors to blend together. Set aside to dry.
4. After the colored coffee filters have dried, cut simple leaf shapes. You can use a leaf from your yard as a template, or just cut simple pointed oval shapes.
5. Using the hole punch, punch holes toward the end of your leaf cutouts.
6. Thread your filter leaves onto your twin or ribbon.
7. Hang your beautiful garland of leaves from your mantel or across an area of wall or door and enjoy!
Black, yellow, orange and brown construction paper
Large google eyes or black buttons
Dried leaves (optional)
1. Lay your paper bag on a table with the bottom fold of the bag facing up.
2. Cut a large black triangle from construction paper and adhere to the top fold of the paper bag bottom.
3. Cut a small triangle of yellow paper and glue in place at the bottom of the black triangle for the owl’s beak.
4. Cut a large oval from brown construction paper and adhere to the center of the bag for the owl’s stomach feathers. Fill in with feather details if desired.
5. To create the owl’s wings, eighter glue collected leaves, or fan shaped pieces of brown paper to either side of the paper bag in line with the stomach oval.
6. Cut small triangles for the feet of the owl. Add talon details by cutting into the long edge of the triangle two smaller triangles. Adhere the triangles to the bottom edge of the bag.
7.Complete the owl’s face by adding black buttons or large google eyes to either side of the beak area on the bottom flap.
8. Insert your hand into the bag and flap away with your owl!
Clementine Hunter Landscape
Acrylic paint or markers
1. Begin your folk art landscape by coloring or painting the ground across the lower third of you piece of paper in a soft wave to create the look of hills.
2. Off to one side add a large square or rectangle as the basic shape of a house. Add a triangle in a darker color at the top for the roof. Continue adding basic house details such as door and windows as desired.
3. Add a few simple tree shapes to the landscape by drawing upright strokes of brown or black and adding loose oval or circular shapes in your choice of leaf colors at the top.
4. Add a farmer or family in the fields by creating a basic face and head of a person and adding a simple body. You can also add a simple horse, basket, or cart shape if desired.
5. Display your beautiful piece of Clementine Hunter inspired Folk Art.
Recycled cardboard packaging
Pen/pencil/ black marker
Twine, cord, yarn
1. From a piece of thin cardboard packaging such as a cereal box, sketch out a circle head, pointy ears and wide rectangular body. Cut out.
2. In the center of the large rectangular body, cut two parallel notches to make a smaller rectangle. Do not cut all the way to the head. This piece will be bent backward, allowing the cat to stand up.
3. Add facial details to your cat with maker.
4. Tape a length of yarn to the back of the cat and begin wrapping the body of the cat around with yarn to form the cat’s sweater. Take care to wrap under the notch flap so the cat can still stand up.
5. Continue wrapping until your cat has a lovely full sweater. Secure the end of the yarn to the bottom of the cat cutout with an additional piece of tape.
6. Set your lovely maintenance free pet next to your work area and enjoy the quiet companion!
Black and blue paper
Circle templates, optional
1. From the black paper cut out a large tree trunk shape by either using your traced hand and forearm as a template or drawing a free form trunk shape from memory.
2. Glue the black trunk to the center of the blue background paper.
3. Cut a variety of large circles from colorful paper. You can either free hand cut the circles or use jar lids to trace and cut circle shapes.
4. Adhere with glue the larger circles to the top of your tree trunk in various spots.
5. Next, cut a variety of mid-sized circles and layer them on top of your larger circles.
6. Finally, add a variety of small circles to the top of your circle collages to complete the Kandinsky layered concentric circle effect.
7. Display your abstract art concentric circle tree proudly on your art display board.
Romare Beardon Collage
Recognized as one of the most creative and original visual artists of the twentieth century, Romare Bearden had a prolific and distinguished career. He experimented with many different mediums and artistic styles, but is best known for his richly textured collages, two of which appeared on the covers of Fortune and Time magazines, in 1968. An innovative artist with diverse interests, Bearden also designed costumes and sets for the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, and programs, sets and designs for Nanette Bearden’s Contemporary Dance Theatre.
Blue construction paper
Markers or crayons
Craft or school glue
Paper and magazine scraps
1. Begin with the sheet of blue construction paper as the base/background of the collage. Cut out several colorful pieces of paper or magazines in large rectangles and adhere in a wonky row about 1/3 up from the bottom of the blue base paper. These are your buildings.
2. Add additional layers of cut papers or details with markers/ crayons to embellish and design the buildings.
3. Cut a long rectangle to lay across the bottom portion of the background paper horizontally to create the street in front of your buildings. Add additional details with more paper scraps or markers/crayons.
4. Cut out several images of people, animals, vehicles, etc. from magazines and add “characters” to your street. If you don’t have magazine images, create the “characters” from basic paper scraps and add details with markers/crayons.
Hedge Hog Planter
Clean soda bottle
Hot glue/craft glue
Black permanent marker
Google eyes/black buttons
Soil and plants (optional)
1. Using scissors or a craft knife, cut a large rectangle about the length of the soda bottle and about 1/3 width to create the planting pocket. If you do not wish to make a planter skip this step.
2. Begin at one end of the soda bottle and glue the tail end of your yarn or twin into place. Begin wrapping the twin/yarn around the bottle, securing as necessary with glue to hold in place. If you have made the planting hole, wrap up to, but not over the hole. Cover the bottle with wrapped twine.
3. Color the bottle cap with black marker to create the hedgehog’s nose and affix to the bottle top.
4. Glue in place google eyes or buttons above the nose area to create the hedgehog’s face. Make sure the planting opening is facing up, if applicable.
5. Fill the body opening with soil and add some plants to complete your hedgehog planter.
6. Set them in a sunny location and enjoy into the winter.
Hot glue/craft glue
Red, brown and green paper
1. Create the apple center by lining up four popsicle sticks in a row and gluing them together with a strip of paper across the back. Secure the magnet to the back of the sticks as well.
2. Cut a medium circle from your red or green paper and cut the circle in half to make the two ends of the apple. Add a scalloped cutting detail to the flat edge of the half circle, if desired.
3. Using the green paper, cut a small oval for a leaf. Use the brown paper to cut a small rectangle for the apple stem and adhere both to the top of your apple core.
4. Add seed detail to the center of the sticks using a black marker.
5. Use your cut apple magnet to display a favorite autumn photo or school paper.
Colorful markers or paint in yellow and orange
1. Cut the interior flat portion of the paper plate out to leave just a ring.
2. Apply a coat of yellow and orange paint or color with markers until the entire ring has been filled in. Allow to dry if necessary.
3. Using a hole punch, create two holes on opposite sides of the paper plate ring about a ½ in in from the edges.
4. Create “rays” of your sun by cutting approximately 1-inch wide angled sections of the plate toward the center, make sure to leave about an inch fully attached toward the center ring of the plate.
5. Add yarn to the holes in the opposite sides and secure the sun mask around your head with your face poking out from the center opening.
6. Shine on! 🌞
More Drop-In Art @ Home Projects!
Black construction paper
White copy paper
1. Draw a large oval shape on your black construction paper. Create a slightly smaller oval shape inside of the large oval.
2. Cut out both the exterior and interior oval shapes, leaving little pot feet off of the exterior oval to complete the cauldron look.
3. On your white copy paper, squirt a few paint drops of your favorite “witches brew” colors.
4. Fold your paint splattered copy paper in half and gently rub the paper together to smear the paint drops.
5. Open the folded paint paper and sprinkle a few dashes of glitter into the wet paint. Set aside to dry. 6. Place the black cauldron outline paper on top of the paint splatter paper and glue in place. Cut around the edges to remove any excess paint splatter paper on the exterior of the cauldron outline.
7. Display your bewitched brew for a sparkly dose of seasonal fun!
Clothespins and/or sticks
Craft or hot glue
Twine or yarn
1. Select a clothes pin or stick and begin wrapping a piece of yarn or colorful string about a ¼ to ½ inch down from the top. Secure the end of the string in place with a dot of glue.
2. Wrap for about a ½ inch then add a small stick overlapping the clothes pin to make a “t” and secure with a dot of glue.
3. Continue wrapping the colorful string over and around both the stick and clothespin creating a colorful garment for your worry doll.
4. Add additional cloth to the doll’s outfit if desired, by layering in different color threads or bits of cloth.
5. Create a face for your doll with a marker in the top part of the unwrapped clothespin. Add hair or a hat with additional strands of thread, if desired.
Keep you worry doll by your bedside to tell your worries to each night before sleep and allow the doll to carry them away.
Magazine pages or recycled colorful paper
Black card stock
1. Fold your piece of black card stock in half to make a card.
2. Choose several think strips of solid color from a recycled magazine and cut into medium to small sized rectangles and squares for college.
3. Beginning in the center of the card front, glue squares and rectangles of the magazine paper in straight-ish lines. While you are working, think of the environment that surrounds you or an image that inspires you and group your paper tiles together to abstractly express that thought.
4. Continue gluing and placing the paper tiles until you have filled up the entire front of the card.
5. Add a special note on the interior of the card and give/mail to a loved one.
The women of Gee’s Bend—a small, remote, black community in Alabama—have created hundreds of quilt masterpieces dating from the early twentieth century to the present. Resembling an inland island, Gee’s Bend is surrounded on three sides by the Alabama River. The seven hundred or so inhabitants of this small, rural community are mostly descendants of slaves, and for generations they worked the fields belonging to the local Pettway plantation. Quiltmakers there have produced countless patchwork masterpieces beginning as far back as the mid-nineteenth century, with the oldest existing examples dating from the 1920s. Enlivened by a visual imagination that extends the expressive boundaries of the quilt genre, these astounding creations constitute a crucial chapter in the history of African American art.
~ Souls Grown Deep
Learn more about the master quilters of Gee’s Bend, Alabama
While I Yet Live by Maris Curran
Colorful craft paint
Black or brown card stock
Q-tips or similar item
1. Fold your piece of black cardstock in half to make a card.
2. Trace the outline of your hand in the center front of the card.
3. Use a q-tip and dip it in some colorful paint and begin to fill in the handprint with dots in lines and rows swirling around the form of the hand.
4. Continue filling in around the outside of the hand with additional dot lines and swirls. Use the resources provided for color and meaning inspiration from the informational resources provided.
5. Add a special note on the interior of the card and give/mail to a loved one.
For more information on and inspiration from Aboriginal artwork, learn more here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQi1NMh9CvA and https://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/aboriginal-art-library/the-story-of-aboriginal-art/life’s little wins this summer!
Recycled cardboard box
Writing paper or printable
1. Print out several of the positivity passport printable pages and fold the papers in half with the printable facing out. Passport Printable file attached.
2. Use the folded paper to roughly measure the size of your cardboard cover and cut out leaving approximately 1/16 to 1/8 in overhang around all of the paper sides.
3. Punch holes approximately 1 inch down and 1/8 inch in from the top and bottom of the papers. Line up the papers centered in the cover and punch holes in the cardboard.
4. Use the twist ties to make loops through the cardboard and papers to “bind them together. Twist the ties together to secure.
5. Fill out your passport pages for every day and capture life’s little wins this summer!
1 cup sand
3/4 cup flour
Wax paper or non-stick surface
1/2 cup warm water
2/3 cup salt
Seashells to decorate
1. Make the sand dough by combining sand, flour and salt and mixing together. Slowly add the warm water to bind the dry ingredients and make a dough.
2. Once the dough has combined, turn it out onto a nonstick surface and kneed for approximately one minute to form a dough ball approximately the consistency of playdough.
3. Roll the dough out onto a cookie try into a circle shape approximately 1/2 in thick and roughly 1-2 in around the entire perimeter of your palm.
4. Place your hand in the center of the disk and firmly press the print into place.
5. Decorate the area around the hand print with small shells by pressing them into the dough.
6. To set, bake the disk at 250°F for approximately 3-4 hours.
Craft glue/hot glue
Small pot or recycled jar
1. Choose a few basic medium sized driveway or river rocks.
2. Paint a base coat of green craft paint on the entire surface of the rock and allow to dry.
3. Add additional layers of a lighter shade using a dry brush technique where the paint does not fully saturate the brush and you lightly pull wisps of the paint over the high areas of the stone. This technique adds depth to the painting and a more realistic look to your “cactus.” Allow to dry.
4. Add additional texture to your rock cactus by applying tiny dash lines in a dark brown or black paint or marker to create the look of cactus prickles. Allow to dry.
5. Arrange the cactus rocks in your small pot or recycled jar and secure in place with hot or craft glue.
6. Stack your cactus plant on you papers to keep them from blowing or add to your plant display.
Recycled cardboard box
Craft glue/hot glue
Twist ties scissors
1. Cut a medium oval about the size of a driveway stone from the recycled piece of cardboard.
2. Paint the top of the oval with a base layer of your favorite color and allow to dry.
3. Add additional layers of paint in increasing light shades by stippling, or lightly dabbing the color around the top of the oval. Work the color from the lightest shade in the middle of the oval to darker shades toward the rim.
4. Add a few additional spots of light or white paint in the center of the oval and lightly drag your brush or toothpick through the white to pull thin strips of the white into the colored area making the look of rock veins. Allow to dry.
5. Create a bezel set look for your ring by painting a gray pain all around the outside edge of the oval, just slightly overlapping the gray onto the top of the oval at the outer edge. Allow to dry.
6. Measure to make the ring by loosely wrapping a twist tie over your finger and creating a slight overlap where the opposite edges meet.
7. Apply glue to the twist tie at the overlap and secure into place to the center back of the painted geode oval.
8. Wear your awesome simulated piece of funky jewelry and be accessorized to impress!
This project was inspired by Artist Alyssa Burke. Learn more at https://alisaburke.blogspot.com/
Green paints (tempera, acrylic, etc. other colors as desired)
Cotton ball (optional)
1. On your next walk or playtime in the yard, choose a few small leaves from the yard or neighborhood. Make sure you ask permission before picking.
2. Choose a piece of colorful construction paper and cut the paper in half creating two pieces approximately 8 ½ inches wide by 5 ½ inches high.
3. Fold the two longest ends together and crease to make a card approximately 5 ½ inches high by 4 ¼ inches. Place one of your cards on a piece of newspaper or scrap paper.
4. Take a leaf you collected and apply a light coat of paint to the underside.
5. Flip the leaf over onto the card and use your fingers to press it onto the card top.
6. Lift the leaf gently to reveal your leaf impression. Repeat as many times as desired.
7. Add additional details or flower shapes with your fingers or by dabbing lightly with a cotton ball in a bright color. Set aside to dry.
8. If you would like to define your impressionistic leaves you can add additional details with marker or pencil lines.
9. Write a sweet note inside and mail your card out to a loved one for a little impressionistic garden surprise!
Clean juice box & straw
Paint (tempera, acrylic, etc.)
Scrap paper or packaging
Soil & seeds (optional)
1. Using your clean juice box or bag, paint and a paintbrush apply one to two coats of your paint over any product information and logos to create a blank background for decorating. Allow to dry.
2. While your box is drying, use scrap packaging and your fingers to stamp a caterpillar. Create the caterpillar with your fingerprints by stamping your fingers in a wiggly line with the fingerprints just overlapping slightly. Stamp 5-6 finger dots. You could also create a small speech bubble blub above the caterpillar with your fingers to write a little sentiment if desired. Set aside to dry.
3. After the juice box foundation paint has dried, add additional decorations with more paint, stickers or collage elements. Fill juice box with a small scoop of soil and a plant or seed if desired.
4. Cut out your dried caterpillar around their perimeter and adhere the juice box straw behind the caterpillar with a piece of tape. Add your note in the speech bubble if desired.
5. Stick the caterpillar into the juice box planter and present your adorable spring gift to a loved one!
Toilet paper tube
1. Take your piece of colorful paper and cut a wedge shape from one corner.
2. Bring the two wide ends of the wedge of paper together to form a cone and glue together along the edges. Set aside to dry. This is the pointy hat of your gnome.
3. Use the other end of the paper to cut an approximately 2 ½ in strip of paper. Wrap the strip of paper around on end of your toilet paper tube and glue in place.
4. Once your cone hat has dried, glue it to the end of the toilet paper tube opposite the paper strip.
5. Under the cone hat, make two small circles for your gnome’s eyes.
6. Gently loosen the cotton ball and shape into a beard shape. Glue the beard between the eye are and the top of the paper strip to complete the face of your gnome.
7. If desired, add small dots down the front of the paper strip to make buttons on your gnome’s coat.
8. Enjoy your cute new garden friend! You could also use a cereal box or other container and make them a little house to live in. Decorate your box house with more stickers and paper for a lovely living space.
Magazine paper or recycled colorful paper
Chenille sticks or twist ties
Twine, cord or yarn
1. Choose one magazine page and fold the bottom right corner up toward the top left corner until you make a triangle. Trim off the excess magazine page outside of the triangle.
2. Open the magazine page into a square. Make small accordion folds beginning from the bottom right corner all the way to the opposite left corner of the square. These are the top wings of your butterfly.
3. Choose a second magazine page and fold it in half by bringing the bottom edge in line with the top edge.
4. Using your scissors, slightly round all the corners of your folded magazine page. Be sure to leave the pages connected at the fold.
5. Open your folded page and accordion fold from the bottom of the rounded edges all of the way to the top. These are the bottom wings of your butterfly.
6. To join the wings, pinch each wing piece in the middle and join by twisting either a chenille stick or twist tie around both wing pieces where they touch.
7. Roll the ends of the twist tie slightly with your fingers to create the look of curled antennae.
8. Repeat steps 1-7 to create your desired number of butterflies.
9. Add a piece of twine through all the antennae to connect your butterflies into a beautiful springtime banner. Hang and enjoy!
Magazine pages, newspaper, or recycled paper
String or bead cord
1. Using your magazine pages, cut long thin triangles or strips that are at least 8 inches in length.
2. Wrap the small end of your triangle strip around the toothpicks center and secure the first layer with a dot of glue.
3. Wind the paper strip tightly around the toothpick. Try to keep the edges as even as you can. Secure the end with another dot of glue to hold the bead in place. Set aside and allow to dry.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for the desired number of beads.
5. Once all your beads have dried, use a piece of string or cord to thread them all together to make either a bracelet or necklace. Tie a knot to connect your cord ends.
6. Enjoy or gift your lovely bead creation! You could mail this out to a loved one for a cute holiday surprise.
Paper plate llama
Spheres in space collage
Consider making a donation to our art room. We can organize and use your supplies for future drop-in art projects and for Buffalo Kids Arts & Crafts at the Little Buffalo Festival. Please contact email@example.com to arrange your donation.
Small glass jars with lids for the snow globe project
Leftover white tiles for the Aurora project
Old fleece and stuffing for the monsters
Larger soda or milk bottles for animal planters
Bottle Cap Bugs
|Colorful Bottle caps||Permanent markers||Hot glue|
- Using a piece of acetate, trace or free hand a wing shape of your choosing such as two loops that connect in the center and cut out.
- Color a symmetrical pattern on the wings with your permanent markers.
- Choose a colorful bottle cap and add a set of google eyes toward one edge using hot glue.
- Add your colorful wings with hot glue behind your eyes.
- Make a bunch of buggies for a critter army! You can play with them or use them to make a fun scene on a small branch. You can even add them to the outside of your mason bee house to let the bugs know they are welcome!
Bottle Wind Spiral
|Plastic water bottle||Colorful permanent markers||Twin/cord|
- Gather and clean a plastic water bottle, removing all of the labels. Retain cap.
- Using your permanent markers, color all around the exterior of the bottle.
- With the help of an adult, cut your bottle into a spiral. Starting at the bottle’s bottom, come up about two inches, and slowly cut in a continuous loop about a half inch away from the last cut working your way up to where the bottle begins to curve toward the “shoulder” of the bottle.
- Around the top of the bottle tie a short length of cord for hanging.
- Hang your spiral wind catcher over a hook or tree branch and enjoy your beautiful “stained glass” bottle wind spiral as it caches and dances in the breeze.
|Bubble liquid and wand||Large white paper||Flat tray/dish (2-3+)|
|Liquid food coloring|
- Open your bubble liquid and pour into several flat trays or dishes and add a few drops of different colors liquid food coloring to each dish.
- Gently swirl the mixture to evenly distribute the food coloring throughout the bubble solution.
- Lay out a large sheet of white paper on a washable surface.
- Dip your bubble wand into the colored bubble solution of your choice and blow bubbles over the sheet of white paper.
- Choose as many bubble solutions as you’d like, blowing all bubbles on the paper.
- The colored bubbles will pop and overlap making beautiful mixtures of color and pattern.
- Allow the painting to dry.
- Hang and enjoy your one-of-a-kind bubble masterpiece!
Canning Lid Ornament
|Christmas card||Modge podge||brush|
- Begin by selecting an image from an old Christmas card or magazine clipping.
- Using the canning lid as a guide, place the lid over your chosen image and trace the circle shape. Cut out.
- Using modge podge and a brush, apply a thin layer to the top of the canning lid and add the Christmas card circle.
- Lightly brush over the surface of the card with another layer of modge podge to seal the card and add a glossy sheen. Allow to dry.
- Choose a short length of ribbon or twin and tie into a loop for hanging. Affix the loop to the back of the canning lid with glue or tape.
- Hang your canning lid ornament up and enjoy!
|Baker’s twine or ribbon|
- Find some small twigs and trim to about 5-6 inch pieces.
- Cut two small felt triangles of the same color to make the tip of the arrow.
- Cut two small felt rectangles of the same color to make the arrow ends.
- Cut fringe detail into the rectangle end by trimming the felt close together in little strips along one edge of the rectangle. Do not cut through the entire rectangle. Rotate the rectangle and fringe the other side as well. Set aside.
- Lay out the triangles. Put glue on one triangle and lay one stick end on the triangle.
- Add additional glue (if necessary) and put on the other triangle. Line up the edges of the triangles as best you can making a sandwich with the twig end in between the triangles.
- On the other twig end, make a sandwich with the fringed rectangle, gluing the stick in between the felt.
- Add bakers twine ribbon on the end of the arrow with the fringe. Add ribbon for hanging if desired.
Recycled Cardboard Easter Banner
|Thin cardboard (cereal box, etc.)||Twine/ribbon||Scissors and pencil|
|Decorative Fabric/ Paper||Easter shape stencil||glue|
- Choose a piece of thin cardboard from an old cereal box and cut into pieces about 4 inches long by 6 inches tall.
- Fold over about two inches of the longer side to make a 4in by 4in square, set aside. The folded over piece will be how you hang the cardboard over the twine.
- Select an Easter themed shape and trace the image onto the plain side of the cardboard square. Cut out the image.
- Choose a piece of fabric slightly larger than your image and glue it to the back of the cardboard with the decorative design appearing through the image opening.
- Repeat steps 1-4 several times until you have the number of “flags” you desire for the banner.
- Cut a length of twine slightly longer than all of you banner pieces, allowing for an inch or two between the flags and several inches on either end to hang.
- Using the folded over flap, slide twin into the fold and glue shut. Allow glue to dry.
- Hang up your awesome, festive banner!
Egg Carton Snowman
|Holiday ribbon/paper strips||Google eyes||Orange paper/pipe cleaner|
|Buttons/rhinestones/glitter paint||White paint||Black paper|
|Egg carton||Hot glue/tacky glue||Scissors|
|Black paint/ permanent marker|
- Gather an empty egg carton and cut off a section of three cups. Paint white, if necessary, and allow to dry.
- Using black paper, cut a short, fat rectangle and a longer skinny rectangle and glue together to make a top hat for your snowman. Glue to top hat to one end of the egg carton sections. This is now the head of your snowman.
- Add google eyes to the top cup of the egg carton.
- Cut a small triangle or piece of orange pipe cleaner “carrot” and glue on to the egg cup under your google eyes. Add a small row of black paint or marker dots under the orange carrot nose to form a mouth of the snowman and finish the face.
- Add a length of twine/cord/ribbon/paper strip under the cup section of your snowman’s face creating a scarf.
- On the egg carton section below the face and scarf, glue on either buttons/rhinestones or dot with glitter glue in a line to create the front buttons on the snowman’s chest. Allow to dry.
- Enjoy your adorable snowy friend!
Homemade Flubber/ Slime
|Borax detergent||Elmer’s glue||water|
|Popsicle stick||Measuring cup||Liquid food coloring|
- Mix 1 TBSP Borax with 1 cup of water. Stir until Borax dissolves, then set aside.
- Put 1 cup Elmer’s glue in a bowl and mix with clean water (1:1) using a stirring stick, such as a popsicle stick.
- Add several drops of liquid food coloring to get your desired color of slime.
- Add the Borax solution to the Elmer’s glue solution little by little to create the slime.
- Keep your slime stored in a plastic bag to keep it from drying out.
- Have fun with your slime! Enjoy!
Glitter Resin Necklace
|Bottle caps||Jump rings/ wire||Craft glue|
|Baker’s twine or ribbon||Glitter glue||Decorative paper|
|Clear adhesive stickers|
- Take an old bottle cap and punch a hole in the rim. Using a jewelry jump ring or small piece of wire, thread through the hole and close, making a loop to hang.
- Choose a decorative piece of paper and make a circle the same size as the interior of the bottle cap. To do this, trace the back of the cap and cut out.
- Glue the paper into the interior of the cap.
- Apply a small amount of glitter glue on top of the paper.
- Take a clear adhesive sticker and gently push it into the glitter glue. This will spread out and swirl the glue. (Clear adhesive stickers can be found on either Amazon or at your local craft store.)
- Thread a length of cord through the wire loop and tie closed.
- Wear your awesome piece of jewelry proudly!
|Piece of fabric||School glue||Hair dryer|
- Choose a piece of fabric that will serve as the background for your drawing.
- Using the school glue in a squeeze bottle, draw a simple line drawing over the piece of fabric.
- Dry with a hair dryer.
- Paint over the glue and fabric with acrylic paints.
- Air dry or dry with hair dryer.
- Once your paint is dry, peel the glue away to reveal the fabric underneath.
- Now you have an awesome relief painting to display or make into a pillow or tote bag!
Heart burst “masking” card
|Cardboard (cereal box)||Paint (red, pink)|
|Pencil with eraser / q-tips||watercolors||straw|
- Create a heart shape from the cardboard from a used cereal box. Stencils or cookie cutters can be used to trace a heart shape.
- Fold the piece of cardstock in half to make a card.
- Make splatters of watercolor paint and, with your straw, blow from the center out to “burst” the drop. Repeat as often as you like for desired background. Set aside to dry.
- Place the cardboard heart on the card front leaving room around the outside of the heart.
- Dip the eraser end of the pencil or q-tip in red/pink paint and dab dots around the cardboard heart.
- Make the dots closer together near the cardboard heart and gradually space further out as you move away from the cardboard piece.
- After you’ve finished surrounding the cardboard heart with dots, gently lift the cardboard heart to reveal the “masked” heart. Make one for a simple look, or overlap and layer a few to create a design.
- Fill out card and send to your friend!
Faux Laminated Notebook
|White copy paper||Stapler||Binder clips (optional)|
|Decorative Paper||Clear Contact Paper|
- Choose a piece of decorative paper and fold in half.
- Fold in half about 6-8 pieces of white copy paper, set aside.
- Cut a sheet of contact paper the size of your decorative paper plus about an inch larger around all sides.
- Peel off the backing and smooth the contact paper over the decorative paper. Trim the corners of the contact paper on an angle and fold the extra inch over the decorative paper.
- Crease the now “laminated” decorative cover again.
- Place the white paper inside of the decorative paper and line up the creases. This will become the spine of your notebook.
- Lay the pages flat and use binder clips or paper clips on either side of the spine to keep the pages lined up.
- Slide stapler to creases and staple at three points, one in the center, and then one halfway from the center to the outer edge on both sides.
- Remove the binder clips and fold the book on its spine.
- Enjoy your awesome book!
Mason Bee House
Mason bees are non-stinging pollinators important to the food chain. The Mason Bee can pollinate more flowers and crops in a day than the honey bee. They live in solitary tunnels, such as the ones we are going to create below. For more interesting facts about the Mason Bee visit: https://www.keepingbackyardbees.com.
- Using a recycled soup can (clean), poke a hole using an awl or nail in the bottom of the can toward one edge.
- Decorate your can with paint, glitter, makers etc., on the outside for interest.
- Once the can has dried, thread a length of jute or twin through the front opening of the can and the hole you made and tie in a loop for hanging the can sideways. Set aside to dry completely.
- Take a piece of newspaper and cut into approximately 4in. by the length of newspaper strips.
- Using your newspaper and pencil/pen, wrap newspaper strips around pen making a tube and secure the seam with a piece of tape.
- Fill your can with the tubes (approximately 24). These tubes will be the nesting home for the mason bees. As they use them up, or at the end of the summer season, discard the tubes and replace with a fresh set.
- Make several in any colors of your choice and add to your garden as a great home for hard-working pollinators!
Mini Summer Album
|6x 6in. cardboard (cereal box)||glue||stickers|
|Various papers||Book rings||Magazine clippings|
- Take your two pieces of thin cardboard and cover them in decorative paper. Punch two holes about ¼ in. from the side edge and ½ in from the top and bottom. These holes will now also serve as your guide for all of the additional papers and memorabilia you wish to add to your album.
- Choose papers and add various clippings, stickers, etc. thinking about a theme for your album. You can glue clippings onto the pages to make writing or picture prompts to fill in later.
- Some themes for your album many include:
- A family barbeque
- A family trip to the amusement park, water park, etc.
- A trip to the ocean, or other vacation spot
- Books you’d like to read/ have read over the summer (impress your teachers!)
- A comic book or other fiction story you’d like to write
- A book of your doodles
- Don’t fill the whole album now, keep it up and add to it all summer. Continue to add to your book throughout the summer by punching holes in your papers, pictures and memorabilia using the cover holes as a guide and sliding them through the rings.
- Be creative! This is a book for you, about you, capturing your summer experience!
Mosaic Tile Coaster
|Various small tiles||glue||sponge|
|Plaster of paris mix||water||Small bowl|
|Flat base (wood/tile)||Stir stick|
- Take your base, which can either be a small piece of wood, tile, or canvas about 4x 4in. and arrange with the small glass tiles until you have a pleasing design. Space tiles close, but still leaving room for all sides to eventually be surrounded by the plaster.
- Glue tiles in place and let glue dry.
- Prepare the plaster of paris following the directions on the package. Spread over and between all of your glued down tiles.
- Moisten your sponge and wipe the top of the tiles and smoothing the plaster. Be careful not to wipe it from the gaps.
- Set aside and allow to dry. After it has set part way, wipe again with a damp sponge to remove any cloudy reside from your tiles. Allow the paris to set completely, following the package instructions.
- Set the tiled coaster on your table and enjoy!!
Paper Heart Wreath
|Bright paper||Stapler and staples||scissors|
- Gather several sheets of bright copy paper measuring 8.5 by 11 and fold in half long ways.
- Cut the paper into strips approximately 1 in wide.
- Using your fingers, bend the ends of the paper in toward the fold creating the arches of each side of the heart.
- Secure the bent edges together with the stapler.
- Make as many hearts as you need to create a full circle of your desired diameter.
- Secure each heart to the one to the either side with staples.
- Hang up your awesome, festive heart wreath and enjoy it!
|Paper plate||Scissors/craft knife||Masking tape/ duct tape|
|Acrylic paint||Permanent marker||Straw|
- Begin by cutting a paper plate in half across the radius.
- Hold the half plate up to your face and mark approximately where your eyes fall on the plate.
- Using your scissors, carefully cut out two eye holes.
- Decorate your plate by painting and adding pieces of paper to create a lion, fox, bear, or other animal of your choosing. Construction paper can be cut into circles or triangles and added to the top edge of the plate for ears. Strips of paper can be added to create whiskers and other basic shapes can be used to create a nose or other facial elements.
- After your mask has dried, tape a straw to the back of your mask on one side for holding.
- Enjoy your mask for Halloween or a fun pretend session!
Pompom pencil topper
|pompoms||Scissors||Masking tape/ duct tape|
|Google eyes||pencil||Milk shake wide straw (optional)|
|Small piece of felt|
- Begin by cutting a small piece of felt for the base of your pompom critter. These will be his/her “feet.”
- Cut a small piece of wide straw and affix your foot piece to one end. The wide straw will fit over the end of your pencil eraser allowing your critter to be removed so you can still use the eraser.
- Attach your pompom to the foot piece with tacky or hot glue.
- Add google eyes to your critter, also using glue. You can also cut out other small pieces of felt and attach to your critter to add more character. For example, cut out a small leaf shape to make your critter a fruit.
- Allow your critter to dry, then pop him on the top of your pencil and enjoy a fun friend while you write!
|Sturdy paper plate||Masking tape||White and blue paint|
|Colorful yarn (cut to 4-8in lengths)||twine|
- Cut your sturdy paper plate in half. On the bottom flat edge, make a cut notch in the center. Then cut seven to eight evenly spaced notches along the top curved edge.
- Paint the plate with blue paint for a blue sky and add clouds with white paint if desired. Let dry.
- Using the twine and masking tape, run a length of twine from the center bottom notch to each of the top notches along the curved edge and secure to the back of the plate with tape. This will be the framework for your weaving.
- Starting with the colorful yarn, cut a length of purple yarn about 4 inches and tie near the bottom notch on the twine. Weave back and forth, over and under the twine with the purple yarn.
- When you run out of purple, cut another length of yarn from blue and tie it to the purple yarn. Continue weaving as before.
- Tie green yarn to the blue, yellow to the green, etc., working in reverse rainbow order as you come up from the bottom of the plate. Cut each piece of yarn slightly longer than the previous piece to allow more length for the weaving as it will need to cover more area as the weaving gets wider toward the top of the plate.
- Tie the final red yarn to the twin near the top and enjoy your beautiful woven rainbow!
|ribbon||Scissors||Needle and thread|
|button||Elastic hair tie||Tacky or hot glue (optional)|
- Begin by choosing a length of ribbon about 8 inches in length. Choose a button and hair tie to match your ribbon.
- Fold one end of the ribbon around the hair tie to create a loop and use the needle and thread to secure the loop.
- On the opposite end of the ribbon sew on your chosen button.
- Use the elastic hair tie looped over the button to make an adjustable bookmark to wrap around your book while you read.
Sculpty Clay Ornament
|Sculpt clay||Scissors||Glass jar or cookie cutter|
- Begin by selecting a chunk of sculpty clay and rolling it into a small ball.
- Using a rolling pin or jar, roll out the clay into a circle about 1/8 inch thick.
- Choose a holiday stamp and gently press the stamp into the center of your circle to create a fun image for your ornament.
- Identify where you would like the “top” of your ornament. About 1/8 inch from the edge of your circle use the straw to poke a hole for threading your ribbon.
- Following the package directions, cook the sculpty until hard. Allow to cool.
- Choose a small length of ribbon and thread through the hole and tie into a loop for hanging.
- Add the ornament to your tree for a cute handmade touch!
Bottle Bird Feeder
|Soda bottle (or similar)||Scissors/craft knife||Paint brush|
|Acrylic paint||Permanent marker||twine|
- Begin by cutting a hole about 1/3 up from the bottom of the plastic bottle. (Have an adult do this part).
- Paint and decorate your bird feeder and allow to dry.
- Tie a piece of twin around the neck of the bottle to make a hanging loop.
- Add some bird seed, cracked corn, or sunflower seeds and hang for your birds to enjoy.
Bottle Bottom Snowflake
|Water bottles||Glitter (optional)||Paint brushes|
|Blue paint||White or silver paint|
- Gather an empty water or soda bottle and cut off the bottom.
- Punch a hole about ¼ inch from the cut side.
- Using blue paint and a sponge brush, paint the inside bottom of your bottle.
- Flip over the bottle to the outside bottom and follow the groves in the bottles design to add some snowflake details with white or silver paint. You can also sprinkle a little glitter over the white/silver paint while it is still wet to add a little sparkle. Allow to dry.
- Add a length of twine/cord/ribbon through the punched hole for hanging.
- Hang up your awesome, festive snowflake and enjoy it sparkling in the sun!
Small Succulent Planter
|Small succulents (faux)||Small jar||Hot glue|
|Baker’s twine or ribbon||Toilet paper roll||Paint and paintbrush|
- Find some small faux succulents from the local arts and crafts store and sort into several smaller sized pieces.
- Take your small jar (old baby food jars work well for this) and paint the jar with your favorite spring color. Set aside to dry.
- Using the toilet paper roll, crumple it into a loose ball and put it into the jar just below the rim. This is the “dirt” for your plants.
- Choose several of the faux succulents to arrange in your jar and hot glue in place.
- Tie a piece of ribbon or twin around the lip of the jar.
- Display your long-lasting, beautiful arrangement!
Tassel heart necklace
|Cereal box/ thin cardboard||Yarn||scissors|
|Paint and/ markers||Hot glue gun|
- Using the blank side of a cereal box or other thin cardboard, paint the cardboard colors of red and pink. Allow to dry.
- Once the cardboard is dry, draw or trace two heart shapes and cut out. You may use markers to add additional details to your heart if you wish.
- Measure a length of yarn to make a loop that will be able to slide over your head. This is the cord of the necklace.
- Create a tassel for the bottom of your pendant necklace. (See tassel directions below).
- Using a hot glue gun, adhere the yarn to the non-painted side of the heart, with the tassel lined up at the point of the heart and peeking out of the bottom.
- Then glue on the remaining heart, non-painted sides together.
- Put on your beautiful necklace and enjoy!
How to make a tassel:
- Gather your yarn or embroidery thread.
- Using your fingers, wrap a long length of yarn around your fingers about 20 times creating a continuous loop.
- When you’ve finished wrapping, tie a piece of yarn toward the top of the loop to hold all of the pieces of yarn together.
- Cut the wrapped string along the bottom and slide it off your fingers.
- Tighten the piece of string around the top of your tassel (creating a small bell shape), finishing it off with a double knot.
- Trim the bottom of your fringe to make it even.
- Attach the tassel to the cord of your necklace underneath you heart pendant.
Tin Can Snowman
|Soup can||Black paint||Sponge brush|
|White paint||Ribbon/ fabric strip||scissors|
|Small brush||Pom poms (optional)||Orange Fun foam|
|Hot glue||Wired chenille stick (optional)||Other color fun foam|
- Gather an empty, clean soup can. Paint white and allow to dry.
- Using black paint, add two dots for eyes.
- Cut a triangle or piece of orange fun foam to make a “carrot” nose and glue on to the soup can under your eyes.
- Add a row of black paint or marker dots under the orange carrot nose to form a mouth of the snowman to finish the face.
- Add a length of twine/cord/ribbon/paper strip under the mouth of your snowman’s face creating a scarf.
- Curve slightly a chenille stick. On the top of the soup can on either side, attach the curved chenille stick approximately where your snowman’s ears would be. Allow to dry.
- On top of the points where the chenille stick connects to the can, glue a matching pompom to create ear muffs. Allow to dry.
- Your snowman would be a great treat container as a gift for your friend, or cute as a pencil holder on your desk.
Tissue Paper Abstract Art
|Small canvas||White school glue or similar|
|Colorful tissue Paper||Paint/ sponge brush|
- Cut pieces of colorful tissue paper into small shapes.
- Spread a thin layer of white school glue on top of the canvas.
- Arrange cut tissue paper onto the top of the canvas and press gently to get good contact with glue.
- Allow the canvas to sit for a few minutes to allow the tissue paper stick well.
- Spread another thin layer of glue over the tissue paper.
- Wrap any overhanging ends around the edge of the canvas for a finished look.
- Set the canvas aside to dry.
- Enjoy your awesome abstract piece of art!
|Wood wedge||Large paint brush||Paper plate|
|Small paint brush||Paint (tempera/acrylic)|
- Add a bit of red or pink, white, black and green paint to your paper plate pallet.
- Using your large paint brush, first make a curved line of green paint following the contours of your wood wedge about 1/3 of the way up from the bottom of the wedge and cover the bottom with green paint as well. This is your “rind.”
- After allowing the green “rind” to dry, take the red/ pink paint and fill in the top portion of the wedge to get the interior of the watermelon.
- When the red area has dried, fill in with some tear drop shaped black “seeds” to complete the watermelon effect. You can also add a details stripe of white between the red and green curve on the “melon.” Allow all of the paint to dry.
- Your “woodermelon” is now ready as a cute summer table decoration or door stop!
In-person Drop-In Art sessions have been canceled until further notice in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Please join us online for Drop-In Art @ Home! Find the YouTube links below and be sure to subscribe so you don’t miss any videos.
Bring the whole family to our free Drop-In Art classes to create projects to take home, and to draw on the Great Wall of Chalk! Choose one project or several to get your dose of creativity!
Visit Drop-In Art at 2 locations!
Roseglen United Methodist Church Social Hall (722 New Bloomfield Road, Duncannon)
Landis House (67 N. 4th Street, Newport)
Drop-In Art pops up at other locations as announced!
View our calendar for specific upcoming dates.